Psychology Journal Article Summary

In the article “Monkeys reject unequal pay”, Sarah F. Bronsnan and Frans B.M. de Waal, attempt to prove the theory that cooperative animals, such as humans and monkeys have a sense of fair play. They tested their theory using pairs of monkeys; the subjects exchanged tokens for food, whereby one food type was preferred over the second. The testing pairs of monkeys proved that like humans they too had a sense of fair play.

When they tested the pairs of monkeys a small number of them either refused to return the token or refused to eat the exchanged food. In the first part of the testing the pairs were given the same food when they exchanged their tokens but in the second testing one of the pair was given a more preferred food while the other was given a less continued to receive the same food given the previous testing. One unexpected result was the observation that the female monkeys were more reluctant to exchange food during the second testing where there was an inequality in the food reward given to the other monkey in their pairing. The data regarding the female monkeys was discarded as it was felt that there was not enough data which could prove the perceived observation that the idea of fair play was more pronounced. The testing itself proved that just like their human cousins, monkeys in general did have a sense of fair play.

The testing attempted to explain the how fair play was perceived by the higher functioning animals, such as humans and monkeys. Fair play or equality versus inequality showed the animals becoming reluctant to trade their tokens when they did not receive the same reward as their testing partner. The animal receiving the lesser treat eventually stopped accepting the reward when exchanging the token if they did not receive the better reward.


References

Brosnan, Sarah F. & de Wall, Frans B. M. (2003). Monkeys reject unequal. Nature, 425, 297-299

Aliens (1986)

Alien-Design-HD

Plot:

Okay so 57 years after Ripley (from Alien) survived her dreadful ordeal, her escape pod is recovered after drifting across the galaxy as she slept in cryogenic stasis. When she get back to earth, nobody believed her story about the “Aliens” on the planet LV-426. Subsequently the “Company” orders the colony on LV-426 to investigate, nevertheless, all communication with the colony is lost. The Company recruits Ripley to aid a team of hard-hitting, rugged space marines for a rescue mission to the now partially terra-formed planet. Their job is to find out if there are aliens and if there are any survivors. As the mission unfolds, Ripley will be forced to come to grips with her worst nightmare, but even as she does, she finds that the worst is yet to come.

Cast

Sigourney Weaver – Ellen Ripley

Carrie Henn – Rebecca ‘Newt’ Jorden

Michael Biehn – Cpl. Dwayne Hicks

Paul Reiser – Carter Burke

Lance Henriksen – Bishop

Bill Paxton – Pvt. Hudson

Jenette Goldstein – Pvt. Vasquez

William Hope – Lt. Gorman

Al Matthews – Sgt. Apone

Mark Rolston – Pvt. Drake

Ricco Ross – Pvt. Frost

Colette Hiller – Cpl. Ferro

Daniel Kash – Pvt. Spunkmeyer

Cynthia Dale Scott – Cpl. Dietrich (as Cynthia Scott)

Tip Tipping – Pvt. Crowe

Trevor Steedman – Pvt. Wierzbowski

Paul Maxwell – Van Leuwen

 

 

*SPOILER*

Why I choose this movie?

Watched as I had just watched the first one and had to carry on, this is a must see sci-fi movie. Ripley is a strong female character and Aliens are just soo adorable.

Tidbit

During the inquest, Van Leuwen refers to Ripley’s company ID number as NOC14472 while the data screen in the background displays NOC14672.

In the opening scene of Ripley (frozen), it shows her head tilted to her left, then the close-up shows her faced forward.

Predator 2 (1990)

Predator

Plot

LAPD lieutenant Mike Harrigan and his self-confident detective partner Jerry Lambert soon realize that what appeared to be a bloody feud between the voodoo high priest King Willie’s Jamaican gangs and Ramon Vega’s Colombian drug gang is really the work of a terrifying third party. Peter Keyes’s federal team safeguards the crime scene even from the LAPD. Though after forensics verifies it must be an alien, who keeps making victims, the chase brings them all together.

Cast

The Predator – Kevin Peter Hall

Lieutenant Mike Harrigan – Danny Glover

Danny Archuleta – Ruben Blades

Maria Conchita Alonso – Leona Cantrell

Bill Paxton – Jerry Lambert

Robert Davi – Captain Phil Heinemann

Adam Baldwin – Garber

Kent McCord – Captain B. Pilgrim

Morton Downey Jr. – Tony Pope

Calvin Lockhart  – King Willie

Steve Kahan – Sergeant

Henry Kingi – El Scorpio

Corey Rand – Ramon Vega

Elpidia Carrillo – Anna

Lilyan Chauvin – Irene Edwards

Michael Mark Edmondson – Gold Tooth

Charles Haugk – Charlie

Sylvia Kauders – Ruth

Charles David Richards – Commuter

Julian Reyes – Juan Beltran

Vonte Sweet – Sweet

Ronald Moss – Jerome

Brian Levinson – Brian

Diana James – Leona’s Friend

 

 

*SPOILER*

Why I choose this movie?                       

I choose this movie as I love the predator and alien story lines and so on, so far predator and alien are one of my favourite non-star trek extra-terrestrial. Though this movie is not as close to my heart as the first one it still has a place on my shelf, I would say it is still worth watching. As the drama (what I call drama) is great as is the action.


TIDBITS


When Harrigan moves into the building to catch the Colombian gang, the SWAT Sergeant who tries to stop him has 3 stripes on his sleeves but has Staff Sergeant’s stripes on his hat.

The Predator is shown walking with King Willie’s decapitated head and King Willie is screaming. Decapitated heads would not be able to make vocal noise since the lungs moving air over the vocal cords is essential to vocalize.

Predator (1987)

Predator

 

Plot:

Dutch and a team of commandos have been sent into a Central American jungle to track down some missing airmen that were kidnapped by terrorists. By the time they get to the camp, the airmen have been butchered in a very violent fashion and the commandos retaliate on the terrorists’ camp. After that’s over, they wait for a helicopter to pick them up, but something strange begins to happen in the woods. It isn’t long before the commandos start getting killed off and Dutch and a girl from the camp, Anna, are the only people left and fighting for their lives. But what they discover is too shocking for them to imagine. What’s been killing them is the Predator, an alien that hunts rare species and make his trophies out of their skulls. And human beings are the new species he has discovered.

Cast:

Dutch – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Dillion – Carl Weathers

Anna – Elpidia Carrillo

Mac – Bill Duke

Billy – Sonny Landham

Blain – Jesse Ventura

Poncho – Richard Chaves

General Phillips – R.G. Armstrong

Hawkins – Shane Black

The Predator / Helicopter Pilot – Kevin Peter Hall

 

Why I choose this movie?

This was a movie I again use to watch with my grandpa, have to say I also bought it on DVD. As this is a must have movie! First of all the predator has a nice body ;D and second the idea that the hunter can become the hunted is a favourite concept of mine. This movie can be watch with a significant other, well maybe not everyone. But the action and the drama (what I call drama) is there. The story is a great and the actors and actress are great. This is a movie I will always have at home to watch.

*SPOLIERS*

TidBits:

In several scenes Mac is seen shaving. No solider, special forces or otherwise, would ever shave in the jungle as it welcomes infection which in those conditions can kill a man.

When Dillon radios for help, the voice on the other end says they will speak again at 9:30 hours. Dillon incorrectly acknowledges it as 10:30 hours.

Alien (1979)

Alien-Design-HD

Plot

So during the commercial spaceship Nostromo, who is on its return to the earth, intercepts a distress SOS from a distant planet. On the ship is the seven-member crew, who are woken up from the hyper sleep and the spaceship successively descends on the planet. Unfortunately while exploring the planet, a three-member team of the crew discovers a deserted spaceship and a huge chamber inside it containing thousands of eggs. When a curious (stupid) team member goes to near an egg the parasite (face-hugger) inside the egg attacks and attaches itself to him rendering him unconscious. He is brought back aboard, the spaceship takes off. After a little while the parasite dies and his host wakes up seemingly unruffled. Everything returns back to normal – but not for long.

Cast

Dallas – Tom Skerritt

Ripley – Sigourney Weaver

Lambert – Veronica Cartwright

Brett – Harry Stanton

Kane – John Hurt

Ash – Ian Holm

Parker – Yaphet Kotto

Alien – Bolaji Badejo

Mother – Helen Horton

Why I choose this movie?

I choose this movie, as it’s a classic alien movie (my option) and I love watching it over and over again. I saw it for the first time when I was nine (though I did have some nightmares after it but what kid wouldn’t) with my grandfather. I still love it, actually probable doesn’t help that I would love to have an alien as a pet. But who wouldn’t it is soo cute! Okay have to say most of the population that probable has seen this movie and if you or someone you know hasn’t DO SO PLEASE!

*SPOLIERS*

TidBits:

A close-up of the Alien egg when Kane is looking at it shows water droplets falling upwards off the egg, revealing that the shot was done with the camera upside down. (According to Trivia, this is an intended effect by Ridley Scott)

When attempting to remove the face-hugger by cutting one of its fingers, acid is bled out getting on the gauze, the surgical instrument and the floor but only melts away the floor. (opps)

Warmbodies 2013

warmbodies

Plot:

Okay so basically most of the world’s population are now undead horde. In the movie they focus on R who is a young and oddly introspective zombie. So when fighting with and feeding on what is a human scavenger party, R meets Julie and feels an urge to protect her. What happens next is the start of a weirdly warm relationship, which allows R to regaining his humanity. Of course this change spreads throughout the local undead population like a common virus. Julie and R finally have to face a larger issue, when the very nature of their relationship is tested. So they get caught between the fearful human forces and the aggressive “Bonies” (zombies who are a mutual threat to anything that’s alive). R and Julie have to find a way to tie the differences of each side to fight for a better world no one believed possible.

Cast (Main):

R – Nicholas Hoult

Julie – Teresa Palmer

Nora – Analeigh Tipton

M – Rob Corddry

Perry – Dave Franco

Grigio – John Malkovich

Kevin – Cory Hardrict

Director: Jonathan Levine

Writers: Jonathan Levine (screenplay) and Isaac Marion (novel)

My thoughts on it:

So I loved it! It was funny and not too sappy for me. Loved the zombies and bones. The way they did this made it just wow, basically it’s a zombie Romeo and Juliet.
So far most of my family and friends have all loved it. ^_^
Also love the music from the movie.

**SPOILERS**

What I noticed after re-watching the movie while note taking. Did you notice them too?

So Julie and R are running away from Bonies. They run to and through the parking garage to use the red convertible to get away. As Julie is getting into the car, she grabs the windshield to sling herself in the driver’s seat. Of course since the windshield is dusty, you can see where she grabbed the windshield from all the past takes of filming what I assume to be this scene.

The scene where Julie goes out to the balcony, she leaves the door open just a bit. When Nora interrupts Julie on the balcony, the door that Julie leaves open a crack makes a distinct unlatching sound.

Tidbits:

So did you know, when R is talking to Julie outside her house the scene is referencing to the balcony scene of “Romeo and Juliet”.  It even has a similar take on it.

Also those portraying the zombies chose not to blink. I was only after they started to become more human did they start to blink. This leading too many retakes I’m thinking.

Fable (XBOX)

Fable
History:

Fable takes place in Albion, which is a patchwork of city-states with uncontrolled stretches of plains and forest between them. Though it was once called the Old Kingdom, the entire land was said to have once been led by an ancient royal bloodline, bequeathed with the title of Archon.
The first Archon’s rule was peaceful and prosperous, but the source of his power was an ancient and powerful sword (which was called: the Sword of Aeons) that gradually began to corrupt him and, ultimately, his entire kingdom. By the time the events of the game take place, the world has slowly declined from the days of the Old Kingdom.
One of the most prominent institutions of Albion is the Heroes’ Guild.
The Guild is the core place of learning and training for Heroes, renowned mercenaries that are active in all parts of Albion. Heroes are hired as thieves, soldiers, guards, rescuers, and protectors; the Guild makes no moral ruling on the actions of its Heroes.

Development:

Fable was the first game developed by Big Blue Box, a satellite studio of Peter Molyneux’s Lionhead.

Dene and Simon Carter, Big Blue Box’s founders, identified that their first project would have to meet numerous criteria in order to be recognized by game publishers, as they weren’t interested in creating a generic title.

To balance the costs of running a fledgling studio, Molyneux suggested Lionhead ‘satellites’. This is where Big Blue Box would obtain the technology and support of Lionhead, making it possible for Big Blue Box to focus on making the game.

After some struggle in finding a willing publisher, Big Blue Box obtained a contract by Microsoft.

What I thought of the game:

Well I loved it. I had already played it once but playing it again was a treat. The controls are simple and the quests are at your own pace (no time limit yah). The story was great, I may have gone into too much detail in the plot so just a heads up.

Plot: SPOILERS

We start of the story with the Hero is a child, his village, Oakvale. Which is later raided and destroyed by bandits on his sister’s birthday, the Hero’s entire family perishes. An old hero known as Maze arrives on the scene, rescues the Hero, and sways him to join the Heroes’ Guild to be trained to become a champion. The Hero then disembarks on a journey to learn the reason behind his village’s destruction, discovering his destiny, and the true fate of his family along the way.

As time goes on Maze informs the Hero of a blind seer living among a bandit camp near Oakvale, and recommends the Hero to gain access to the bandit camp. To the Hero’s surprise, the blind seer is actually his older sister Theresa who was taken in by former Hero and the present Bandit King.

As the story goes on in the Hero’s life, after he has increased more acknowledgment among the people of Albion, he is invited to fight in the Arena. This is where he meets a legendary Hero, who is running the arena battles and in the final show issues a challenge against the Hero and his rival and friend.

It sooner or later becomes clear that it was the legendary Hero who destroyed Oakvale during the Hero’s childhood. Aided by the seer, the Hero makes it his mission to defeat the legendary Hero one way or another.
The Hero tracks down his mother, and attempts to rescue her. However, the Hero is captured and spends a year or more in the prison. When he finally escapes with his mother, the Hero attempts to track down legendary Hero.  It is revealed that Maze is a traitor and working with legendary Hero. After defeating Maze, the Hero is led into a final battle with the legendary Hero. The legendary Hero reveals that The Sword of Aeons can only be wielded if it receives the blood of Archon. Upon the death of their mother, the Hero and seer are the only two remaining descendants of Archon, and if the legendary Hero destroys them both the sword will be even more powerful.

It is only after defeating legendary Hero, the Hero must choose whether to keep the Sword of Aeons by killing his sister, or cast it away forever into a portal created by Jack of Blades’ death. Depending on the Hero’s alignment and the player’s choice of using or destroying the sword, there are a total of four different endings. Once the ending credits roll, players can resume their playing.